Recording from a 'Home Studio'? Essential Advice
We're all 'socially distancing' or 'in lockdown' and as many recording studios are closed, are looking for ways to keep working. One solution is to be able to record from home – to create a ‘home studio’.
It is comparatively easy and cheap to set up something that will allow you to record auditions and even do podcasts, but if you’re serious about working from a personal studio in the long term then this advice will help you create a really useful recording space in your own home.
There is no quick way to build a quality personal studio, it will take time, application, a little learning and a financial investment if you want to develop a recording space that meets the technical quality demanded by production companies, producers of e-learning projects, commercials, video games, animation and audiobook publishers (all the various types of voice work that actors regularly record in professional studios). The wonderful thing about going down this route is that though you’ll probably start out with something pretty straightforward, as long as you get the basics right, you can improve and upgrade as time goes by. If a personal studio is something you’ll use in future, then it really is worthwhile creating a good recording space and equipping it with a kit that you’re absolutely confident in - go for the quick and easy option and you'll be constrantly frustrated as you get over the novelty and start to hear the flaws..
If you are constantly worrying whether the technical quality of your work is good enough, then that stops you giving your best performance. If you invest wisely, you’ll gain an ‘added extra’ that will stand you in good stead, and perhaps open up other avenues of work for you, well into the future.
WHAT CONSTITUES A GOOD 'HOME STUDIO'?
Not all 'home studios' are equal. Producers, publishers, radio stations, production houses, video companies, video game and animation producers and creators, audiobook publishers, marketing companies – anyone who hires professional voices, has exacting standards. They also have their own reputations to consider and no matter how good you are at the creative stuff, if your recording doesn’t meet their requirements, they simply won’t hire you!
Many full time voice actors have built or purchased an 'isolation booth'. There is a wide range of commercially produced isolation booths available – familiar names include ‘Studio bricks’, ‘Kube’, ‘ISOvoxbooth’, ‘Vocal Booth’, Acoustic Cabin’, ‘Whisper Room’ and so on – prices start at around £3.000. You can also build a DIY recording booth from scratch and there are numerous guides online on how to build one. Neither of these is a quick fix however.
Commercial isolation booths are expensive – and heavy: some require a surveyor’s report if installation is above ground floor level or on a wooden floor with a void (or indeed an apartment or another room) beneath – and they’re not instant. Order one today and it will be at least six weeks before it’s delivered, possibly a great deal longer as demand is at hit highest, then you have to erect it and acoustically treat it; by which time, social distancing and business opening restrictions may be beginning to ease and things may be getting back to normal.
I suspect what most people are looking for at this point is information to help to create a recording space at home that will enable you to record and deliver a product you can be proud of. So let’s look at some quicker and cheaper solutions while trying to keep the quality as high as possible.
THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS
You will need a quiet, acoustically treated recording space that has some isolation from external noise (from outside the house) and noise from inside the house as well. Get the space right and you will save you (and your editor) hours of work in trying to remove noise and interference.
LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION ...
The first thing is to find the quietest place in your home. Not the smallest nor the easiest place to work in necessarily but the quietest. Ideally you need to use the room that is furthest away from traffic which is also well away from household noise sources: things like central heating boilers, fridges, freezers, burglar alarm panels and heating or air-conditioning units.
A basement room or cellar, or even a semi-basement often works well. Being at least partially below ground level, such areas have a large amount of natural insulation; though central heating boilers and freezers, as well as people moving around in the rooms overhead can be an issue. Under-stair spaces can work well too, though again, movement in the rest of the house may create problems. Even a walk-in wardrobe has potential as the location for a home studio. Use your imagination and you’ll be surprised at the areas that suggest themselves.
The space you choose needs to be large enough to comfortably house you, your microphone and microphone stand, and a covered worktop or table for your computer monitor, keyboard and mouse, papers, notes and all the other bits and bobs that you will need around you. You will also need either a music or copy stand of some kind if you’re reading from paper, or somewhere to rest your tablet, Kindle or I-pad if you’re reading digitally. Even if you normally stand to do voice work, audiobooks and other long form projects involve much longer periods in front of the mic so for comfort you will probably need space for a chair or stool as well.
The space you’re working in will need some kind of acoustic treatment, so choosing a space that is small enough to enable you to achieve a good sound without spending a vast amount of money is the best bet. If you have no option but to work in a larger room then you will need to investigate ways to partition off some space using screens or some kind of room divider, so that you can reduce the size of the space you’re recording in otherwise you will struggle to produce a high quality sound.
Noise is your enemy! There are four sources of noise that you will need to deal with.
Life goes on all around you; nowhere is silent, not even the depths of the countryside. It may be comparatively quiet in rural areas, but birdsong and the wind blowing through the trees are just as intrusive and irritating as passing traffic and barking dogs.
We become so accustomed to the noises around us every day that we become immune, but once you step in front of a microphone and start trying to record, those noises, to which you have previously been oblivious, will suddenly become noticeable and extremely irritating. Even in the quietest area of the house, there will always be periods when external noise can be heard, which is why it is so important that you listen … really listen … at different times of the day when choosing which room to record in.
Total soundproofing is nigh on impossible – so if there are particularly noisy period, you just have to work around them. Planning ahead will allow you to optimise your recording time and to take a break when the external noises are at their worst. However, there will be some noises that will prevent you from working … there’s that horrible moment when you’re mid recording and your neighbour suddenly decides to mow the lawn or starts a major DIY project. The council may decide to dig up the road outside your house, things do get in the way … but one advantage of working from home is that you can always work the night shift if you really need to!
NOISE FROM INSIDE
The second issue you have to deal with are the noises that your house makes. Every home has electrical equipment which may be running in standby, switching on and off automatically, or just simply being used. There will be a central heating boiler, a water heater, water pipes expand and contract, floorboards creaking randomly as room temperatures change; then there are radiators and thermostats switching off and on, fridges and freezers, those in sunnier climes may have air conditioning or a ventilation system. Not least of these electrical noises is the computer you’re working with.
You can deal with some of these noises by just turning off the offending bits of equipment while you’re recording or moving your microphone further away from whatever is causing the problem. However, it is virtually impossible to remove all noise sources. Sound will almost certainly filter through from other rooms as well … and not just from those in your own home, but from adjoining properties. This is especially a problem if you live in a semi-detached house or a terrace or of course, in an apartment or flat when you may have people living not only adjacent to you but also above and below. The term ‘noisy neighbours’ takes on a whole new meaning when you’re recording!
Total soundproofing is virtually impossible to achieve in any studio. When I’ve worked in professional recording studios with the most fantastic isolation and room treatment, aeroplanes and heavy lorries still force recording to stop – and don’t fall for the advertisements online selling ‘soundproofing acoustic foam’ – there is no such thing. The best you can achieve is isolation from sound and sound damping using acoustic treatment.
A LITTLE BIT OF SOUND SCIENCE
Sound waves move just as waves in water move. When a sound wave hits a hard surface some of the sound will bounce off that surface and travel back in the opposite direction.
When a sound wave meets and couples with a similar sound wave travelling in the opposite direction, this causes that particular sound frequency (wave) to have a higher peak and a deeper valley. This has the same result as turning up the volume for just that particular frequency (increasing its ‘AMPLITUDE’). In other words, the particular frequency where the waves meet and reverberate around becomes too loud when compared with the volume of the other sound waves. These coupled waves produce different types of resonance in your space; these resonating frequencies are called
‘STANDING WAVES’. When you’re recording through a sensitive microphone, even though you may not hear that noise in real time when you’re actually speaking, a keen ear (and an audio engineer) will be able to hear it (and indeed see it) as a distortion of your recorded sound.
Basically the limit of human hearing is between 20 Hz and 20,000 Hz (or 20 KHz), and the ideal acoustic environment for recording audio has an equal balance to all the frequencies across this entire range. Too much volume at one frequency or another is uncomfortable and even unpleasant. Too high a level in the bass or low to mid-range frequencies makes the voice sound muddy and lacking in clarity and at the other end of the spectrum, too much high frequency sound makes the voice sound too crisp and harsh.
If you’re creating a recording space within a larger room either by curtaining off or using screens to make a smaller area, or if you have the option of building an isolation booth of some kind, then there is a theory that the ideal space should be of a size where one dimension is not related to, or divisible by another ... So a room that is 8ft x 9ft x 12ft would be preferable to a room that is 6ft x 8ft x 12ft. The reason given for this is this: in the first example, one of the numbers is an odd number and none is divisible by another. However, in the second set of numbers, all are divisible by two, and one is half of another number – and when it comes to sound waves, the maths makes a difference apparently.
Of course, room size may not be something you can correct - your home is already built, but don’t panic. You can make any space sound better … some may just take a bit more effort than others.
WHAT IS MEANT BY 'ROOM TONE'?
Every room has its own sound. Your recording space, even if apparently very quiet with little extraneous noise, will have its own ambient noise - its unique ‘room tone’. Your room may also have an echo and reverberation that is unique to that room. Clap your hands inside your recording space and listen for an echo or reverberation. Hum up and down the scale slowly and listen to see if there is a resonance, especially on the lower notes. These reverberations are caused by sound waves bouncing off reflective surfaces.
When recording of course, you're generally not looking at room tone in isolation, but getting the room tone to a low enough level without echo or reverberaton with input levels that are appropriate for the voice as well is a vitally important first step. Unfortunately, the minimalism of today’s décor and interior design does not create the ideal acoustics for a recording studio, so in order to reduce the problems your recording space needs some help.
Damping down at least some of the reverberations in a room can often be done pretty simply but you can give yourself a head start by locating yourself in a soft room rather than a hard one to begin with. It is much easier to reduce reverberation in an area that is carpeted, or has at least a selection of rugs rather than a room with a floor of bare wood or tiles. A room with curtains at the windows rather than blinds and which has some soft furnishings such as squishy chairs or sofas and shelves filled with books is preferable to a room with lots of hard reflective surfaces.
Any flat, sound reflective surfaces in the room need to be covered by something soft and absorbent when you’re recording. Moving-blankets (readily available on Ebay and Amazon) are a very popular solution because of their availability and low cost. Many are made from recycled denim, which is a very good sound-damping material particularly over the lower frequencies.
Frequencies within different ranges cause different problems and require different solutions; as most home studios are not set up in absolutely perfect conditions, every recording space needs from some acoustic treatment. Others will need quite a lot of help to achieve a good sound.
LARGE ROOM PROBLEMS.
Large rooms can cause even greater problems, so if your only option is to work in a large room, you need to find a way to reduce the size of the space you’re working in. The easiest way to do this is by partitioning off a section of the room by using a folding screen.
You can achieve better results if you’re happy to try a bit of DIY. A very easy way to create a partition this is to make a sturdy frame – a little like a large old-fashioned clothes horse (either made of wood or PVC) and then to drape moving-blankets or duvets over the frame. If you’re feeling a little more adventurous, you could make a double sided frame that has chicken wire to stretched over the open areas, that can be filled in with recycled denim or mineral wool insulation (also known as rock wool), which is then draped over the top with additional moving blankets or a duvet. The density of the insulation material can be very helpful in reducing any deep booming room resonance.
SMALL ROOM PROBLEMS
Small spaces may have different, but equally problematical sound issues: even in a small area, you will need to soften the room as much as possible by adding a carpet or rugs, heavy curtains at the windows, book cases full of books, and a covering for tables or desks. All of these will help to reduce sound wave reflection.
SOUNDPROOFING & ACOUSTIC TREATMENT
Acoustic treatment and soundproofing are two totally different things. Soundproofing is almost impossible to achieve in a home environment without investing a significant amount of money. Even isolation booths only reduce external sound levels, they don't remove it altogether - so unless you want to go into floating floors, double or even triple layer insulation with secondary walls and ceilings we'll ignore soundproofing. It really isn't realistically achievable in a home environment. What you're hoping to achieve is maximum isolation from noise coming from outside and inside the rest of the house, this is why location is so important - and why cupboards inder the stairs and basements are such a popular choice!
So once you've chosen your 'as quiet as possible' space, then you'll almost certainly need to 'treat' that space with some acoustic treatment to dampen down the ‘liveliness’ or ‘boominess’ of a room. You do this by reducing the reverberation at specific frequencies that are causing the problem by the judicious placement of your acoustic treatment.
In addition to using what you have around the home to assist with the acoustics of your space, you may also need to invest in some ‘ACOUSTIC TILES’. Acoustic tiles are frequently mislabelled (particularly in the UK) as ‘soundproofing foam’ or ‘soundproofing tiles’. They do not ‘soundproof’ so don’t be misled and expect them to deal with noise coming from outside your recording space – they just can’t do it.
Acoustic tiles come in different shapes and sizes – and of different quality. Egg box or zig-zag shaped tiles are the most readily available – and go for the best quality you can. Thicker denser foam, with a more defined shape is going to work much better than thin cheap foam tiles, and because they work better you’re likely to need fewer of them to achieve the required effect. Buying cheap products is often a false economy. They aren't perfect however, and even with high quality acoustic tiles, you may still have low-end resonance in your room.
All frequencies tend to couple and link up when bouncing into corners, but the coupling of bass frequencies is a particular problem. When working in a small room there is likely to be an issue with some low-end booming resonance that needs to be dealt with.
Try talking in a low/deep tone of voice or humming. Does this produce an more audible resonance? If so, you will need something to absorb this low-end sound. A full bookshelf or some hefty furniture can help a little with this problem, but you will probably need to purchase (or build) specially designed foam blocks called ‘BASS TRAPS’. These are large blocks of either very dense foam or some other insulation material and are often triangular in shape. Bass traps are designed to be placed so that they absorb sound in corners, so you would place them where there is a right angle; for example, in corners, where the ceiling meets the walls, or the walls meet the floor. If you’re looking for a quick solution, bundle some moving blankets into the corners. Failing that a rolled up duvet, or some pillow in the corners will help.
The mid and high range frequencies that cause a tinny or harsh sound can generally be treated by using acoustic foam tiles. Acoustic tiles come in various thicknesses (from one to three inches thick) and also in various designs. They are made out of fairly dense foam and are flat on one side for sticking to the wall, and have a pattern on the other side; the pattern may be zigzags, pyramids or a kind of dimpled egg-box-shaped pattern. Using a spray-on adhesive or double sided tape, you attach them to the wall, normally at head level, where needed to help reduce the amount of bouncing around that your unruly sound waves are doing and also to absorb and dampen sound at specific frequencies. If you have a long expanse of flat wall on either side of your recording space, then the foam tiles should be ‘staggered’ and if you’re using zigzag design tiles, they should be alternated so that the zigzags point in opposite directions.
Don’t fix anything permanently until you’ve tested the space and recorded some tracks … you will almost certainly have to move things around to get the best possible results.
Fixing things to walls can be a problem if you live in rented accommodation, and if you're setting up in an area of a room that is used by other people, you may want to avoid sticking bits of really rather ugly foam to the walls, so a solution could be to use tall screens with the foam tiles glued to the inside of the screen; the more decorative side of the same screens also hide your working area from the rest of your room.
If you don’t yet have any recording software or equipment, this is when you go shopping, because before committing yourself and finalising your choice of home recording space, you need to get your equipment set up so that you can record some test tracks, play them back to yourself, then adjust everything till you get a sound quality you’re happy with.
The sky is the limit when it comes to buying for a home studio. You can spend literally thousands of pounds – but remember, buying a Steinway doesn't turn you into a concert pianist – any more than buying a Neumann mic will turn you into a great narrator!
If your recording environment is noisy or has a lot of echo or low frequency reverberation, no matter what microphone and interface you invest in, you will run into problems. Spend time on getting your recording space as good as it can be! No matter how much you spend on equipment and software, no matter how adept you are at editing and what editing tools you have, it’s always better to remove problems at their source rather than trying to fix them in editing. So getting your sound quality clear and clean as it goes into the mic is the best way forward.
A COMPUTER: You obviously need a computer with recording/editing software (also known as a DAW (digital audio workstation) installed; preferably that offers punch and roll (also known as rock and roll) recording capability.
Most computers have fans to cool the processor and other internal components.
Standard hard drives also create noise as they spin to read and write data. A SOLID STATE DRIVE (SSD) will eliminate the hard drive sound and provides much better performance, but be warned, the fan noise will remain when the computer is working hard and will be clearly audible. Laptops in general are noisier than desktops.
To solve the issue of noise coming from your computer (and more particularly from a laptop) and being picked up by the mic, you will need to isolate your computer. The best way to do this is to move it into a separate room, or build some type of enclosure for it (though do be careful not to make it too air-tight as it could cause your computer to become damaged due to overheating).
If this is not possible, you should move your computer as far away as possible from the microphone. You will then need an extra-long cable for your monitor and either a ‘wireless’ or ‘Bluetooth’ keyboard and mouse or a long USB cable extension. If you're recording into a laptop, you'll have to purchase a secondary monitor and connect it to your laptop so that you can see the screen inside the booth.
When you need to run a long cable into your recording space, make sure that the long cable you run is the XLR from your microphone as a long USB cable can introduce distortion into the audio (the spec on USB 2.0 is that cables should be no longer than 5m – though even shorter lengths can cause problems with some microphones). Because an XLR cable is ‘balanced’ it will cancel noise and can be VERY long distances without any audible signal degradation. If you record onto a laptop, you will also need to set up a remote monitor using an HDMI cable.
Using a mobile phone or even the built in voice recording software on your computer may be OK for recording a quick audition in an emergency or even a podcast, but really won't cut the mustard for 'work'.
Most audio software has Mac and Windows compatible versions – Sound Forge Pro has a version for Mac, but is very much a reduced version and not nearly as good as the full Pro 13 version for Windows.
There are reported issues with Catalina being incompatible with some software so beware – you may have to downgrade your OS to Mojave if you use a Mac.
RECORDING SOFTWARE OR DAW: I know lots of you will have the free software Audacity; in my opinion, there are better options, particularly for Audiobooks. Two excellent free software packages are Ocenaudio or Studio One Prime by Pre Sonus, both of which have built in punch and roll (rock and roll) recording.
There are if course other recording software options: There are the paid for versions of Studio One, Sound Forge from Magix (see note above) Adobe Audition which is a subscription based software, Pro-Tools, Reaper, Logic and no doubt many more that I have never tried.
For information, I used Audacity (for about a week – I found it unresponsive and clunky), Adobe Audition, (when you could still purchase it), Sound Forge Pro 12 (when I had a Windows machine) Pro Tools (which I hated) and Ocenaudio when I needed something quickly when I switched from a PC to a Mac for recording. I now use Studio One Artist (a steep learning curve, but well worth the effort – absolutely the best recording software I have come across). I also have iZotope RX7 Advanced for editing.
A MICROPHONE: The recommended type of microphone for voice work is a LARGE DIAPHRAGM CONDENSER (LDC) microphone. You’ll also need a compatible shock mount or cradle, a mic stand and a pop screen. Check out Rode NT1 (not the NT1A) or NT2. SE has some good budget models, as do Audio Technica and AKG. As a starting point, you’ll probably be looking at a price of around £250.00. A USB microphone may be OK for podcasting and auditions, but many have a lot of self-noise, and the better ones will not be a lot cheaper than a LDC mic, so what is the point in making things more difficult for yourself?
AN AUDIO INTERFACE: All condenser microphones require phantom power so you’ll also need a suitable AUDIO INTERFACE that supplies phantom power (48V POWER) to your microphone. Check out Focusrite Scarlett models, M-Box and Audient ID models: all have the basic requirements with input for two microphones and output for headphones and speakers, which is all you’ll need. The entry level models have no direct power supply, but rely on a USB power via your computer, or you can go up a level and get a powered interface (e.g. Audient ID14 or Scarlett 6i6). A powered interface uses mains power though they still connect to your computer via a USB cable, but you’re less likely to experience digital dropout and clicks if your computer is struggling.
A condenser microphone cannot work independently just by plugging it into the computer or into the mains – it requires PHANTOM POWER (48V POWER) which comes from the interface/pre-amp. Not all preamps provide phantom power, so check carefully before you buy. If you purchase a preamp that doesn’t you’ll also need to buy an interface which adds to the expense.
You don’t need anything very complex: look for a single or dual channel interface with a built in pre-amp that offers enough gain (the amplification of a signal by a pre-amp is called ‘GAIN’ and the amount of gain a pre-amp can provide depends on the specification of that particular piece of gear), with a clean, crisp signal and an adjustable output to your headphones.
As with microphones, you generally get what you pay for, but it really is better to spend a couple of hundred pounds on a straightforward but high quality item that is well made and has fewer options than to go for an all-singing, all-dancing model with a load of options that you really won’t need.
Some interface/preamp combinations have all kinds of processing options and look more like a mixing board with all kinds of filters and EQ options. The problem is that any processing done via an interface is impossible to undo; if all those sliders, knobs and buttons are not set up perfectly, they can cause far more problems than they’re worth; particularly in the hands of someone who is not quite sure of what they’re doing.
You certainly don’t ever need a mixer/mixing desk for audiobooks. Most publishers and production houses request audiobook files are delivered as raw, digitally unprocessed audio – and if you do have a mixer or plugins with any presets (such as gating or compression) that you use for VO work, I advise you to disable them for audiobook recording unless instructed otherwise by the publisher or producer, or with the express details provided by an audio engineer working for that publisher or producer.
CABLES: You’ll also need cables to link your microphone to your interface – normally XLR to XLR balanced microphone cables. An XLR fitting is a type of electrical connector used in professional audio. The connections are circular in design and most XLR cables have three pins on each end, one male and one female. These are usually supplied with the microphone.
HEADPHONES: In order to monitor your audio, and certainly for editing, you need to hear it at a high quality and in great details, so you need headphones. You need headphones that are designed for the job, so over the ear, professional studio headphones rather than headphones that are designed for music listening, as these are ‘tuned’ to improve the music listening experience and thus can give you a false picture of what you are hearing when using them for voice work. Also avoid noise cancelling headphones. If there is noise bleeding in from outside your recording space, you need to hear it!
EXTENSION CABLES: If your computer or laptop are not in the same space as your microphone, you’ll need USB and HDMI cables to connect everything up. USB and HDMI cables have a maximum recommended length. Using a USB cable that is longer than the recommended length – or that is plugged into a multi way hub can result in degradation of the signal. In the case of an audio interface, this could have a detrimental effect on your audio signal.
EXTRA ESSENTIALS: You’ll need a music or copy stand for your printed text, or a tablet, Kindle or I-pad for reading PDF text versions of the text. Whatever you’re reading from needs to be place where you can see it clearly without having to move your head in relation to your microphone – or put any strain on your neck and vocal cords. It also needs to be within reach, so that you can scroll through without having to move too much. Note … quiet clothing essential for this. Keep movement to a minimum!
A desk and chair - the desk needs to be covered, the chair needs to be silent – if its on castors, putting marks on the floor will help to ensure that its position and relationship to the microphone remains the same throughout the recording, day after day.
OPTIONAL EXTRAS: Studio monitors (speakers).
CHECKING YOUR SET UP
Once everything is installed and up and running, you now need to start recording and comparing how different mic positions and levels sound.
More microphone tweaks: Some microphones have a built in High Pass Filter, which reduces the level of low frequency sound, usually filtering sound below 80Hz, this is very useful in helping to reduce rumble so if your mic has a HPF, then engage it. Some also have a ‘Pad’ which reduces the overall level of everything, normally by -10dB. This is better not engaged.
Every microphone has a sweet spot … this is the place where your voice sounds best. It seems obvious, but you also need to ensure that you’re speaking into the front of the microphone and it isn’t always immediately obvious; usually the right side is the side with the logo on it.
Finding the sweet spot can be a little tricky, but with practice, once you hear it, you will recognise it and should always place yourself and your mic in exactly the same relationship to each other every time you record. This is particularly important when consistency of sound is required, such as when you’re recording an audiobook or other long form project when you may be recording over many days or even weeks, and each section must sound identical.
The location of yourself and your mic within your recording space makes a difference to the sound. The goal here is to achieve a recorded tone that is identical to your natural speaking tone. Play around and move to different places within your recording space and listen to the differences in the sound. Even moving your mic a few inches closer to or away from a wall will make a difference.
Avoid placing your mic in a corner so that you’re facing into the corner itself, as this can cause problems with low frequencies. Experiment, play around with your space and train your ears to hear the differences.
When recording, you need to be six to eight inches away from the microphone with the centre of the mic (the diaphragm) slightly above your mouth and also slightly to the left or right of it, so that you are speaking slightly past the microphone rather than directly into it.
If you can hear lots of pops as your breath hits the microphone on hard consonants (in words like pop, put, pip and tip) then you need to work on reducing this pop as you speak and may also need to adjust your pop filter so that you can’t feel any breath getting through the shield when you say these words. If you’re still having popping problems, experiment by angling the bottom of the microphone slightly away from you, so that your breath is gliding over the diaphragm rather than hitting it straight on.
Your microphone is a delicate piece of equipment. Handle it with care, never blow into or tap your microphone. Clean the outside with a soft cloth from time to time. You should ideally put it away when it is not in use, or at least cover it to protect it from dust and dirt.
IMPORTANT: Always turn off the phantom power before disconnecting your microphone – AND reconnect your microphone before turning phantom power back on again.
SETTING AUDIO INPUT LEVELS
Most studios require a consistent recording which, when speaking at a conversational level, without any normalizing, levelling, EQ or compression, is around -18 to -6dB without the noise floor being higher than -60db. Each studio will send you their own specs ... and this is what you should work within.
Many people make the mistake of lowering the volume of their input thinking that this will keep their noise floor (ambient sound) below -60dB, or will reduce unwanted noise. This simply doesn’t work. You’re also reducing the level of your recorded voice below an acceptable level, and once the overall volume is increased to bring your voice to the desired degree of loudness for the end product, then the ambient sound is also increased – and will therefore be unacceptable.
When checking your levels and your room tone, you need to do it across a sample that includes speech and room tone. It is the balance between the two that is most important and this is what a client needs to hear. Simply recording ‘silence’ in an empty room will not give them the information they need.
FILE SPECIFICATIONS & ORGANISATION
Always work in a high quality audio format such as WAV, AIFF, or OGG files.
Never ever work, edit, save, open and resave MP3 files. MP3 is a lossy format in which the audio is compressed, thus every time you open, save and resave an MP3 file, it degrades, so you lose quality – only convert to MP3 format as the last thing you do, the final save before delivering the audio to the client (if MP3 is the format they request).
To save space, when uploading or archiving files, I use FLAC which is a lossless compressed format, so FLAC files take up less space than .wav files and are quicker to upload, download and send, but unlike in MP3 format. the audio in FLAC files is not degraded in any way.
Unless otherwise asked, work in mono files, they’re easier to edit and manage – and are generally what is required for voice work.
Make sure you are working at the same bit rate and sample rate across all your files. Most commonly this is 16bit, 44,100Hz.
Be consistent in your file naming. Remember if you’re submitting for an audition, there may be many hundred submissions, so naming your file as ‘Audition’ will not identify it in any useful way. You should always include your name, and the project you’re auditioning for … or whatever naming style is requested.
Read the directions and instructions. Most auditions are discarded because the person submitting didn’t follow the directions or instructions.
You have to be really well organised with the naming and saving of your audio files, particularly when recording audiobooks. In case anything needs to be unravelled or undone, you should save each file clearly identified at every stage, so will always have multiple copies of each file and need to be able to identify each one quickly and accurately. In addition, you should also back up all your files by saving to either cloud storage or a secondary hard drive (or both) at the end of every session.
That brings me to audiobooks ... the following advice is more applicable to people wanting to work in audiobooks ... but much of the information is relevant to other areas of voice work . And the resources and links at the end of the article are largely relevant to all.
Everything in the previous section is applicable to audiobook recording in a personal studio, however, in audiobook recording, there are some additional points that you should consider.
Recording audiobooks is very different from doing any other kind of voiceover or voice acting work. Audiobook narration is a challenge from a creative point of view – you’re charged not only with bringing an author’s vision to life, creating not only a compelling narrative voice, but also an array of unique and believable characters.
Audiobook narration requires stamina, imagination, concentration, considerable acting skill plus the ability to make choices and to self-direct - though there may well be someone monitoring you (thanks to technology this is still possible), but the choices you make regarding the performance are yours alone, though you may be lucky enough to have guidance from the author or publisher.
Performance aside, when recording remotely, you also need some basic technical knowledge of how sound works in your recording space and a thorough understanding of your own recording set-up and software.
Normally in the UK only a comparatively small number of audiobooks are recorded remotely, but at the current time, as social isolation is the norm and recording studios are changing how they work due to the corona virus, the demand for narrators who can deliver high quality remote audiobook recordings is growing.
Remote recording technical requirements for audiobooks.
Production houses and publishers rightly demand high technical as well as performance standards – and that means that you – and your personal studio must be able to meet their demands consistently, day in and day out. Each publisher and producer will have their own tech specs which they will share with the narrators they hire, and will normally request a raw studio sample for evaluation by their audio engineers. They will only consider adding you to their list of narrators if you can demonstrate that you're able to match their technical requirements as well as being able to deliver first class storytelling and character creation. They will usually also ask for details of the equipment and software you use.
A WORD ABOUT STAMINA & MEETING DEADLINES
When recording in a mainstream studio was the norm, most studios allow two hours of studio time to complete each our of finished audio - and the expectation is that you are in the studio for about seven hours a day, achieving three and a half hours of finished audio in each day. This requires vocal stamina and a huge amount of concentration. It is exhausting - and if you're not used to talking aloud for seven hours at a time, it can place a considerable strain on your voice, especially if you're nervous or stressed - or if you're worrying about the quality of your audio - or if your recording space isn't comfortable! Though deadlines are sometimes slightly more relaxed when recording remotely, this is not always the case.
I received a 400 page manuscript on Friday the week before last. I prepped over the weekend. Then on Monday and Tuesday of the following week, I finished recording a different book to send to the editor on Tuesday afternoon. On Wednesday, I connected with the director of the new book via Zoom on Wednesday morning, and the full audiobook was delivered to the editor by 6pm on Thursday. I admit it isn't always quite as busy as this - but if you're voice isn't up to it, if you're straining or using your voice ineffectively, it will let you down. Knowling how to use your voice safely is very important, and if you don't then Voice coaching - noit voiceover coaching - from a reputable voice teacher is invaluable!
During this lockdown period, audiobook producers that don't normally work with remote narration, are doing so, but are more inclined to connect via Zoom or Skype to direct their narrators - and often ask for 'open recording'. In other words, the reader just keeps going, Iso rather than stopping when you make a mistake and punching in, you continue recording after a pause. This method of working is ensuring that producers, directors, editor and engineers are working as well as narrators - which is great. It also gives the narrator a safety net and makes it less isolating, but it does mean that the time you get to actually record is drastically reduced and the flexibility that remote recording affords, goes out of the window.
When things return to normal - more of us will go back to working alone. 'Flying solo' is not nearly as frightening as it sounds.
When you’re working remotely, unless you're being remotely directed, you don't normally have to complete four finished hours in a studio day as you do in a mainstream studio; you can generally set your own schedule and work flexibly, providing you can still meet the deadline.
Apart from the fact that you’re pressing the ‘record’ button yourself, the actual process of creating the characters, choosing voices, telling the story, is not significantly different from how it works in a mainstream studio – other than the fact that you’re working without anyone on the other side of the glass to proof your recording as you go. This means that you will have to do corrections and pick-ups after the audio has been proofed; but particularly if you have the right software and can master punch and roll (rock and roll as it is also known in the UK) any errors or flubs that you spot will be over recorded just as they are in a mainstream studio – though there are likely to be some things that slip through and will have to be corrected later.
WHAT ABOUT PROOFING AND EDITING?
When working remotely for a publisher or production house, proofing and editing are usually handled by them ‘in house’.
Even when self-directing, unless you’re recording for ACX or an indie like Spoken Realms or Findaway in which case you’re responsible for finding your own proofer and editor to work with, then normally, the studio or publisher who hires you will proof your audio against the text, send you a correction list. Corrections are then recorded to match the original and returned to the producer/editor, for editing and mastering.
The narrator is normally only responsible for research and preparation, recording the audio and any corrections identified by the proofer. You will not normally be asked to do anything other than a ‘first pass edit’ – where you manually remove any repeats or retakes – largely unnecessary if your using punch recording.
When working for a publisher or production house, if you are asked to do more, i.e., to proof your own audio, or edit in corrections, always quote accordingly and add to your standard PFH (per finished hour) rate to take this extra work into account - this is particularly important and allows you to outsource proofing and editing to a third party rather than trying to do it all yourself.
SORTING OUT THE MISTAKES.
How do you sort out flubs and errors, which will always happen no matter how good a narrator you are?
When recording in a mainstream studio or with remote direction, the person you’re working with will stop you whenever you make an error. In a mainstream studio, you normally stop - then pick up again from the sentence before the error - with the engineer or producer punches in the new recording, resulting in a seamless pickup. When working remotely with remote direction, though you're doing the recording at your end, you may be doing what is called 'free roll recording' so you're not punching in a new recording after an error, the recording is allowed to roll on, you just leave a pause.
Punch and roll (or rock and roll) where you end up with (in theory) no errors, is easy to do yourself when you get used to it. With the right software, you can do exactly the same thing as happens in a mainstream studio in your own studio,
Of course when you’re working solo, unless you spot a mistake as you’re recording, it won’t be noticed until the audio is proofed after the entire book is recorded. If this is the case, the narrator is sent a list of corrections which they record into a separate audio file, using identical settings and matching against their original recording, which they then return to their editor to be editing into the original recording so that all errors are replaced. The narrator supplies a single audio file with all the pickups and corrections recorded to seamlessly match the original - though of course, without the error. You will not normally be asked to edit in your corrections yourself.
The capability for punch and roll recording is not an option in all recording software and though there are narrators who manage well enough without it, the ability to punch and roll will ultimately save you an enormous amount of and once you get to grips with it.
HOW LONG WILL IT TAKE TO RECORD AN AUDIOBOOK FROM HOME?
When recording in a mainstream studio with a director, the normal ratio is to allow two hours of studio time to produce each finished hour of narration. Working independently in a remote studio is almost certainly going to take you a lot longer, especially if you're not used to working in this way. Many new narrators will take double that amount of time to produce each finished hour ... perhaps more - and this doesn't include preparation time, (yes, you really do have to read the entire book before you start recording), research time if there are a lot of unfamiliar words, or even words in a a foreign language - and then there is the time it takes to do pick-ups and corrections on top of that, and the naming and labelling of the files - not to mention uploading them to client. This is why quoting the right rate is so important. £70 per hour sounds great - who wouldn't want to earn £70 an hour? But ... you need to work out the maths!
Audiobook payment is normally paid according to the total running time (TRT) of the audiobook, not paid for the amount of time you take to research, prep, record and do pickups. So you quote a PFH rate (per finished hour rate), and if it takes you six hours to produce each finished hour of audio, then that £70 becomes far less attractive - and even less attractive if you're doing any editing.
THE GOLDEN RULES FOR REMOTE RECORDING AUDIOBOOKS (AND OTHER VO WORK).
A FINAL THOUGHT
If every voice actor working from a personal recording studio maintains the highest possible production standards in their audiobook narration, both technically and artistically, then the current horrible situation we're all in, could potentially open up many more opportunities even when mainstream studios are fully open again. . Just think of all those back catalogues and books that are not yet available in audio format. This situation, if we handle it well, will allow publishers and producers, authors, and indie publishers to create more audiobooks than ever - but we have to keep the standards high. If audiobook listeners are inundated with poorly recorded audiobooks, we will have lost a real opportunity.
Collectively we have the opportunity to make a fantastic first impression on the audiobook publishing world. Let's make sure we make it count!
Competition has always been fierce in audio. As there are more actors currently facing hardship as films, television shows and other sources of work are shelved and theatres are closed, some undoubtedly forever, actors are now looking to audio to keep them afloat. Make sure you compete on quality rather than price. Please don’t be tempted to lower your rates – this makes it harder for everyone to charge a fair price to earn a living from what for many of us is a full time job.
If you’ve never done audio work before – you need to be aware that rejection is as much a part of this kind of work as any other kind of acting or performing. And though everyone thinks VO and Audiobook narration is something that all actors can do easily, it really isn’t a natural progression.
We all have different strengths and need to acknowledge those strengths. You may be a wonderful Shakespearian actor – It doesn’t mean you can switch to Sondheim. If you’re an intensely physical actor, you may find a recording studio too constricting. There is no shame in this … not being a natural in front of the mic doesn’t make you a worse actor than you were before.
You have only once chance to make a good first impression. Make it count!
if you’ve never done VO work or audiobook recording then there are a lot of resources available and numerous audiobook related and VO related groups on Facebook and LinkedIn. The audiobook and VO communities are generally very generous – and there are lots of people out there who are willing to help and give support and advice about home studios, remote recording – with some information that is relevant to audiobook narration specifically. But you need to be pro-active. Remember people have spent years building their careers and their contact list - they are not going to share that information with you - and if you're asking for coaching or more detailed direction, this won't come free. As with anything - apply due diligence. Do your research - there are lots of sharks out there looking to make a killing - especially in the current situation.. Caveat Emptor
For audiobook narration, as a starting point, i recommend you visit Karen Commins’ Narrators’ Roadmap.
I recommend you read Paul Strikwerda’s Nethervoice blogs – many of which are VO related, but all of which are relevant to running your own business, which is what we are all doing. https://www.nethervoice.com/nethervoice/
Here are some creditable organisations that have relevant information about working in VO and Audiobooks. Voiceover Kickstart: http://www.voiceoverkickstart.com
Gravy for The Brain: http://www.gravyforthebrain.com
If you’d like an honest evaluation of your home studio then contact Don Baarns. Don is also teaches people how to use the software package Studio One, and iZotope RX and is very active on YouTube and Facebook. http://www.redbaarnsaudio.com/expertears/
Rob Bee at Bee Productive is incredibly helpful about setting up home studios, and does regular 'home studio tickling tours' to help people tweak and imporve their recording space: http://www.beeproductive.co.uk
There is an excellent thread on Twitter from voice artist and sound designer, Kirsty Gillmore at the moment, with lots of advice about getting started in VO and links to other resources. https://twitter.com/soundswilde/status/1251162556099518464
The Audiobook Creatives Alliance, is open to all audiobook creatives - narrators, proofers, editors and producers of audiobooks: www.audiobookcreativesalliance.org
Remote recording - an opportunity or a nightmare?
Recording audiobooks is very different from doing any other kind of voiceover or voice acting work. Audiobook narration is a challenge from a creative point of view, bringing an author’s vision to life, creating not only a compelling narrative voice, but also an array of unique and believable characters – it also requires stamina, and the ability to make choices and to self-direct. If you’re recording remotely, you also need to have some basic technical knowledge of how sound works in your recording space and a thorough understanding of your own recording set-up and software.
Normally in the UK, only a comparatively small number of audiobooks are recorded remotely, but at the current time, as social isolation is the norm and recording studios are forced to close due to Corona Virus, the demand for narrators who can deliver high quality remote audiobook recordings is unprecedented.
Remote recording technical requirements.
Production houses and publishers rightly demand high technical as well as performance standards – and that means that you – and your personal studio must be able to meet their demands consistently, day in and day out. Each publisher and producer will have their own tech specs which they will share with the narrators they hire, and will normally request a raw studio sample for evaluation by their audio engineers. They will only consider adding you to their list of narrators if you can demonstrate that you're able to match their technical requirements as well as being able to deliver first class storytelling and character creation. They will usually also ask for details of the equipment and software you use.
What constitutes a ‘home studio’?
Not all 'home studios' are equal - and publishers and producers have exacting standards to maintain. Most narrators who record remotely for mainstream publishers and production houses have made a significant financial investment in order to meet these standards.
No matter for whom you’re recording, the minimum requirement is that you have a quiet, acoustically treated recording space that has some isolation from external noise (from outside the house) and noise from inside the house as well. It needs to be a space in which you can work comfortably for many hours at a time. Get the space right and you will save you (and your editor) hours of work in trying to remove noise and interference.
Many full time narrators have created or purchased an 'isolation booth' or have found a way to isolate their recording space from the rest of their home (basements work very well as a space to build your booth or recording space. Isolation booths are expensive ... and heavy: some require a surveyor’s report if you’re installing them above ground floor level or on anything other than a solid floor; and all isolation booths require the installation of acoustic treatment within - how much will vary depending on the make and model.
Most of us have to consider cost – and until you know you can land the work, then I don’t advise you to rush out and spend thousands of pounds on an isolation booth. Many successful narrators work in home built studios installed in cupboards under the stairs, in attic rooms or box rooms, or even in the corner of a spare bedroom. I know of many narrators successfully narrating in such spaces – what they have done is learned about the way that sound works within their space works, and investing in good acoustic treatment – whether that be acoustic foam, insulation panels, home built bass traps or draped duvets.
The very minimum quality requirement, measured when recording at a level where, at conversational volume, the raw vocal recording, without any normalizing, levelling or compression, falls between -20dB and -6dB across a whole chapter – and that this is achieved without the noise floor being higher than -60dB. This is generally accepted as the minimum requirement, but some production houses will not accept a noise floor above -65dB.
A common mistake is that folk lower their input levels in order to achieve a sufficiently low noise floor, but of course, this also lowers the level of the voice. When the overall audio level is raised to meet audiobook requirements in post-production, then the noise floor is also raised.
The sky is the limit when it comes to buying for a home studio. You can spend literally thousands of pounds – but remember, buying a Steinway Grand doesn't turn you into a concert pianist – any more than buying a Neumann mic will turn you into a great narrator!
If your recording environment is noisy or has a lot of echo or low frequency reverberation, no matter what microphone and interface you invest in, you will run into problems.
Get the space right first!
Acoustic foam, moving blankets, duvets and even soft furnishings (curtains rather than blinds, carpet rather than bare floors) can help to reduce low frequency rumble and echo.
Your equipment and software need to be capable of producing professional sound; and I also advise people not to attempt to record audiobooks using Audacity which I find clunky and unresponsive – there are much better options, including the free software Ocenaudio or the free version of Studio One, both of which have native punch and roll recording. There are if course other recording software options: Studio One Artist from PreSonus, Sound Forge Pro (PC only), Adobe Audition, Pro Tools, Reaper ... and no doubt many more that I have never tried. (I use Studio One Artist which was a steep learning curve, but well worth the effort).
Once you have your recording space and software set up, then you need to look at equipment.
These are the basics that you’ll need.
You have to be really well organised with the naming and saving of your audio files. In case anything needs to be unravelled or undone, you should save each file clearly identified at every stage, so will always have multiple copies of each file and need to be able to identify each one quickly and accurately. In addition, you should also back up all your files by saving to either cloud storage or a secondary hard drive (or both) at the end of every session.
Once you get the go ahead and start recording, you’re on your own – though occasionally a studio will connect with you and will direct remotely, perhaps only for the first couple of chapters, but occasionally for the whole book! This is unusual though – but ‘flying solo’ is not nearly as frightening as it sounds.
When you’re working remotely, you don’t have to complete four finished hours in a studio day as you do in a mainstream studio; you can generally set your own schedule and work flexibly, providing you can still meet any deadlines. Apart from the fact that you’re pressing the ‘record’ button yourself, the actual process of creating the characters, choosing voices, telling the story, is not significantly different from how it works in a mainstream studio – other than the fact that you’re working without anyone on the other side of the glass to proof your recording as you go. This means that you will have to do corrections and pick-ups after the audio has been proofed; but particularly if you have the right software and can master punch and roll (rock and roll as it is also known in the UK) any errors or flubs that you spot will be over recorded just as they are in a mainstream studio – though there are likely to be some things that slip through and will have to be corrected later.
Proofing and editing
When working remotely for a publisher or production house, proofing and editing are usually handled by them ‘in house’. During the current situation, studios are still operating (albeit remotely) so some may even connect with the narrator and do remote direction and recording. Even when you’re self-directing though, unless you’re recording an indie publisher, or for ACX, Findaway, Spoken Realms, Authors Republic or similar, when you’ll be responsible for finding your own proofer and editor to work with, is that the studio or publisher who hires you will proof your audio against the text, send you a correction list, you then record the corrections and return to the producer, who will edit in the corrections, fine edit and master the audiobook ready for publication. You’re only responsible for research and preparation, recording the audio and any corrections identified by the proofer and sent to you by the company you’re working for. You will not normally be asked to do anything other than a ‘first pass edit’ – where you manually remove any repeats or retakes – largely unnecessary if your using punch recording. If you are asked to do more, you should quote accordingly and add to your standard PFH rate to take this extra work into account.
Sorting out Mistakes.
Everything so far has been about recording. We now get to the point where we begin to think about how to deal with flubs and errors, which will always happen no matter how good a narrator you are.
When recording in a mainstream studio, whoever is on the other side of the glass, will stop you whenever you make an error and will stop the recording. You’ll then hear the previous five seconds or so through your headphones and will pick up the read at the point before you made the error and recording will continue. With the right software, you can do exactly the same thing in your own studio, using punch recording - known widely as punch and roll, but also as rock and roll in the UK.
Of course when you’re working solo, unless you spot a mistake as you’re recording, it won’t be noticed until the audio is proofed after the entire book is recorded. If this is the case, the narrator is sent a list of corrections which they record into a separate audio file, using identical settings and matching against their original recording, which they then return to their editor to be editing into the original recording so that all errors are replaced. You will not normally be asked to edit in your corrections yourself - you should just supply a single file with all the pickups and corrections recorded to seamlessly match the original - though of course, without the error.
The capability for Punch and Roll recording is not an option in all recording software and though there are narrators who manage well enough without it, the ability to punch and roll will ultimately save you an enormous amount of and once you get to grips with it.
A final thought.
Until we were hit with Covid 19 and the necessity for everyone to work ‘from home’ the vast majority of UK productions were recorded in professional recording studios. Will we return to that situation post-pandemic? Who knows!
To my mind – the current situation presents us all with a wonderful opportunity,
If every narrator working from their personal recording studio maintains the highest possible production standards in their recordings, both technically and artistically, then the current horrible situation we're all in, could potentially open up many more opportunities to narrators, even when mainstream studios are back up and running. Just think of all those back catalogues! This situation, if we handle it right, will allow publishers and producers, authors, and indie publishers to create more audiobooks - with high quality narration from live voices rather than synthesised voices, which is something I think we all fear.
But we have to keep the standards high. If audiobook listeners are inundated with poorly recorded audiobooks, we have lost a real opportunity - and poor quality audio will increase the speed with which AI audiobooks are developed.
Collectively we have the opportunity to make a fantastic first impression on the audiobook publishing world.
Let's make sure we make it count!
If you’ve never done audiobook recording then there are a lot of resources available and numerous social groups on Facebook and LinkedIn. The audiobook community is generally very generous – and there are lots of people out there who are willing to help and give advice, as well as organisations with advice about home studios, remote recording – with some information that Is relevant to audiobook narration specifically.
As a starting point, I recommend you visit Karen Commins’ excellent website: The Narrators Roadmap.
Here I also recommend you read Paul Strikwerda’s excellent Nethervoice Blogs – many of which are VO related, but all of which are relevant to running your own business, which is what we are all doing.
Here are some of the organisations that have relevant information about audiobooks
Voiceover Kickstart: http://www.voiceoverkickstart.com
Gravy For the Brain: http://www.gravyforthebrain.com
If you’re interested in joining audiobook community online, there are numerous Facebook and LinkedIn groups. The Audiobook Creatives Alliance, is open to all narrators, proofers, editors and producers of audiobooks. www.audiobookcreativesalliance,org
Can I Just Ask ... How Do You Get Into Audiobooks?
I've just spotted this on Facebook posted by Tanya Eby, narrator and owner of Blunderwoman Productions, one of the most generous people I know, who is also feeling the pressure at the moment. Tany writes . . .
"I'm getting a ton of emails from people who want to 'bend my ear' and talk audiobooks for a while. They've always wanted to be a narrator and now seems like the perfect time.
So ... where do you begin that research? . Tanya suggests that you visit 'The Narrators' Roadmap' - created by Karen Commins. This is an absolutely brilliant and comprehensive resource for anyone wanting to know more about Audiobook Narration. I can't recommend it highly enough.
You can find 'The Narrators' Roadmap' by clicking on THIS LINK.
With thanks to Tanya Eby and Karen Commins.
This post by Andi Arndt was originally posted on Facebook. Andi writes:
I am posting this here in case it's of any help to people (like me) used to having the house to themselves during the day, who are now surrounded by people unused to structuring their own days. Routines can be so reassuring, without us having to say a word.
Posted with kind permission of Andi Arndt.
Six monthly check up!
Goodness gracious me ... how long it's been since I uploaded a new post! The spirit has been more than willing - but the schedule has been hectic. Not that I am complaining mind you - I am delighted to be busy - and I have always been a little bit of a workaholic truth be told - and I've always enjoyed being politically engaged and active.
This busier than usual recording schedule, along with all the horrible things that seem to be happening all around us made me consider what pressure I might be putting on myself and my personal relationships by taking on all this work.
I thought I had the balance about right - but I suspect that my friends and family didn't feel the same!
I like to think that I am pretty well organised - I have a timetable in my head, I know my deadlines and what I need to complete each day to meet those demands; but my schedule over the past six months has been pretty punishing. I have been working more hours than were good for me, and my weekends and eveningswere being sacrificed. Some things have slipped under the radar ... housework and gardening being just two of them - and my poor long suffering husband has had to put up with some pretty uninspiring meals!
I love my work - and I love working. Doing what I love is extremely rewarding and I am immensely grateful for the opportunities that comes my way ... but I also love my family, my friends and my dog and I don't want them to feel neglected, or to resent the fact that I am working so consistently because it reduces the quality of my time with them.
I think this is an issue that effects many people - especially those working in the arts where work is irregular and where there so many people chasing the few jobs that are available. I know so many colleagues feel unable to say no when work offers come in, so they are adding more work to an already full schedule - and though financial uncertainty is sometimes a factor, in many cases it is more to do with fear. If you turn down a job, you'll never be asked to work again! I know that I have gone through that scenario in my head many times - so I have spent quite a lot of time over the past few months trying to put things into a clearer perspective, enabling me to work as much as I want to ... but to not overload my schedule to the point where I am no longer enjoying what I do. You do your best to build in 'downtime', take time off for holidays and special occasions but then - because you're tired and stressed, when you do take a break, some lurgy or other strikes and leaves you feeling more exhausted, more stressed - and more behind than ever.
So ... my New Year Resolution (only three months behind its deadline - the only deadline I have ever missed) is to take time for myself - to be kinder to myself and to be more productive when I am actually working. So to this end ... I have disabled the internet in my studio when I am recording, thus removing the temptation during a long session to just pop onto Twitter or Facebook for a quick look at what's happening in the world!
Goodness ... I get so much more done in far less time and feel much happier too.
I realised that at least half of the stress I was feeling was actually down to fury and frustration about things going on in the wider world - things that I can do absolutely nothing more about. I have voted, I have protested, I have supported, I have written letters and achieved? Nothing! Terribly things still happened and go on happening - and I am still angry, but I am also more pragmatic than I have been for the past four years. I no longer read newspapers or articles or blogs, I no longer watch the news or listen to it on the radio.
This is for the sake of sanity rather than being overcome by apathy all of a sudden - it's a case of recognising what I have no power to change - and letting it go. Perhaps for the first time in the last four years, I am seeing what is really important.
What's In A Name . . . ?
You - a voice actor, a voiceover, the talent - call yourself what you will - want to have your profile and voice reels included on an on-line casting site, that is are advertising itself as 'An Agency' and opening its books to voice artists looking for representation. All fine so far - but they're asking their represented artists to use a different name from the one they are known by. This rings alarm bells. I don't get it - and I find it a really worrying trend. Why would a voice agent ask a voiceover to be listed under a different name from the one they're known by and recognised by in the industry.
Some audiobook narrators do have a nom-de-voix that they use for certain genres - but such pseudonyms have their own persona - their own website, twitter account and social and on-line profiles; this isn't quite the same thing.The name on your website, your business cards, you social media profile, is your name, your professional persona. It matters that there is consistency as your portfolio grows and you become more recognised.
We are all working in a vastly overcrowded professional - so to make our voices stand out from the crowd, our voices combined with our names and our reputation are what get us every enquiry, every job and every repeat job. We're a package - and if you have an agent, then they should, in my opinion, market you under that persona. To force an actor to use another name is surely counter productive.
I know the argument is that having a nom de vox on an online casting site means that potential clients can't search for you directly and book you direct, thereby cutting out the middle man; but surely it's about trust.
As voiceover and impressionist Darren Altman says:
"One word, trust. Personally I think it shows a distinct lack of trust on behalf of the voice over artist and insinuates that we will take on a repeat client and bypass the source from whence it came. That’s not my style. I will ALWAYS refer back to the source if it came back from an agency. Personally I’m not a fan of a pseudonym at all."
Surely a true agent works in your best interests. They actively seek work on your behalf, have a great network of contacts and are known as professional and trustworthy. They negotiate on your behalf and you pay them commission on your earnings, this is how they gain their reputation as an agent. Surely its in your interest as an artist, to refer any direct enquiries to them, they take all the pressure of negotiation and invoicing off your shoulders, and as this is how they earn their money, its in their interest to negotiate the best possible rate on your behalf. Any other way of working seems to me to do nothing to enhance the reputation and credibility of either the artist nor the agent. After all, in an agency has even a moderately recognisable name on their books - they want everyone to know that the artist has chosen to be with them, not their competition.
If you get a great gig then you have the right to claim that work as your own, to use a clip (with permission of course) on your website - you earn bragging rights, but if that work appears to have been recorded by Felicity Flybynight, then you can't add that work or that client to your portfolio - without giving the name away which totally defeats the object - so in effect, you're giving away the right to claim that work as yours.
Of course, if the middleman, whether it be a Pay to Play site or an online casting site purporting to be 'an agency', is charging the end client huge fees for booking us, then there is something very wrong.
It's your choice of course - and I know many people sign up for this without thinking beyond the possibility of earning some money as a voiceover - but for me it's not an option, and I can't help wondering whether this rule applies to everyone listed on such an online agency. Do any even moderately well-known voices on there have to chose a different name too? I wonder.
Re-inventing yourself from time to time leads to a fulfilling and continuing working life. It's easy for actors and voice actors - and I guess for artists of all kinds - to get stuck in a rut and just repeat and rehash whatever has brought you success, to play safe and to concentrate on whatever brings in the pennies. But experimenting in new areas of work, changing your perspective or finding new outlets for your abilities, is something I have found to be rewarding emotionally and professionally and also to be lucrative. You change - your skills develop - and if you have the ability to be flexible, to accept and build, to continue developing new threads and honing your craft, you realise that all of the skills you have picked up along the way help you to stay relevant and employable - even in a young industry such as audiobooks.
My first visit to the theatre was a Christmas treat in 1954. The play was 'Toad Of Toad Hall' (designed by Voytek I know now) at the old Nottingham Playhouse in Goldsmith Street - with Michael Hordern playing Toad. It was magical. I left the theatre on a cloud and announced to my astonished parents 'that is what I am going to do when I grow up!', and really, I never wavered from that ambition - and I still haven't. Every job I have ever had of any meaning has been connected to that one desire. To be an actor, to interpret language and emotion, to bring words to life.
It wasn't an easy journey to begin with. My father was of the impression that being an 'actress' was akin to walking the streets! He insisted that I went to secretarial college before drama school - and though I hated every moment of it, the touch typing has come in very handy! Fortunately, I won a scholarship to Guildhall, and got a grant as well, so with the financial burden out of the way, and the unwavering support of my half-sister and my mother, he was eventually persuaded that I was actually going to drama school, not into some den of iniquity! So - at the age of eighteen I headed for London and the start of the greatest adventure of my life.
At about the same time, my oldest friend, whom I first met at primary school at the age of seven was also embarking on a career in the theatre. She had a similar passion and though our journeys were different, our careers ran a parallel path - these paths crossing surprisingly often during a friendship spanning more than sixty years. We did drama classes together as children, were in numerous plays together, did public speaking and poetry exams. We both went to a summer school at Rose Bruford college when we were fourteen - and we were both bitten by the acting bug. I went to college, she joined the local repertory theatre as an student acting ASM, then after I graduated from Guildhall, we both ended up in the same repertory company at Nottingham Playhouse for several seasons. When she was pregnant, I stepped into her role in Stuart Burge's production of 'Sons and Lovers' for the BBC, when I was pregnant, she was my maternity cover at Central television - and when I returned from maternity leave, she and I worked together at Central for several years. We both had young families by this time, so when Central stopped in vision live continuity, our options were a little limited - going back to treading the boards wasn't really viable for either of us, but we both found a way to use our skills in different ways and we stayed in touch, meeting when we could. I went into television production, she retrained as a drama teacher (some years later, I directed a student production at the school where she was head of drama). Latterly she travelled the world as a LAMDA examiner - I got into audiobooks and voiceover - and so it continues.
We have re-invented ourselves yet again. Both returning to our roots!
The day after my birthday - we went to our monthly 'Speakeasy' voice and accent class at our local theatre. We are years older than the vast majority of participants, two silver haired women with a few creaking joints - both of us once again jobbing actors - quoting passages from Shakespeare to each other (from memory I may add) loving what we do, supporting each other and enjoying ourselves while continuing to explore and discover. My pal Evadne Fisher and I, developing our skills, honing and practising our craft - and acknowledging that re-inventing yourself every now and then is a really good idea - and that we are both very lucky!
But My Brain Had Other Ideas
Don't let the-less-than-catchy title put you off reading (or listening to) this beautifully written, funny, brave, scary and ultimately uplifting book. Of obvious interest to anyone who has any kind of brain injury or disability - as well as to those helping and supporting people with brain injury, this book deserves a much wider audience.
Cavernous Angioma (in which abnormal clusters of blood vessels in the brain sometimes burst and bleed) and the three life saving surgeries that Deb has undergone, have had a profound effect on all aspects of her life. She has to deal with sometimes terrifyingly random symptoms: loss of taste, dizziness, seizures, memory loss, depression and a heightened sensitivity to smell, noise and light that cause her to 'zone out' in difficult situations and environments..
Deb tells her story with humour, rage, pragmatism and hope and manages to find humour and courage amid the nightmare that is happening in her head which affects everything around her; her work, her life, her children, her relationships - even her belief in herself. She tells her story of survival with searing honesty and self-knowledge and a complete lack of self-pity. Her conversations with herself carry you through her journey to survival with her and the whole memoir has a lightness of touch and sensitivity that engenders not only empathy, but admiration for her courage and determination - not to mention admiration for her skill as a writer.
This is a book that made me thankful to be alive and healthy - and gave me a new perspective on my life, my family and friendships and all the things that I value the most. I was so honoured that Deb chose me to 'get inside her head' and tell her story in Audiobook form - it was a privelige - and I am so grateful to her and 'She Writes Press' for giving me the opportunity.
Here's what Deb says about the audiobook:
'Helen did a fabulous job narrating my memoir “But My Brain Had Other Ideas.” Not only was her voice and intonation perfect, but she really captured the essence of who I am. She hit all the nuances of my inner self, fear, humour, grief, just right. As I listened to the final product, I felt as if I was listening to (a better version of) myself telling my story. I can’t be prouder of this audiobook.
About Deb Brandon
Deb Brandon PhD was born in England, raised in Switzerland, Israel and England and is now Professor of Mathematics at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. She has participated nationally and internationally in Dragon Boating and is a renowned textile artist and enthusiast. Her essays have been published in Dragon Boat World International, Hand/Eye Magazine, Logan Magazine; and SIAM Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Journal of Integral Equations and Applications. She has also written 'Threads Around the World: From Arabian Weaving to Batik in Zimbabwe'
That sinking feeling - money thrown away or a wise investment?
When I am out shopping in the real world and am tempted by an impulse buy, I take a break - I leave the store and have a walk around, get a coffee and talk to myself very severely! If I haven't convinced myself not to buy whatever it is within half an hour, I go back and take another look - a very critical look and I ask myself some questions:
If I can honestly answer 'YES' to those questions - then I ask myself
But what about shopping online for stuff I need for my business, whether that be equipment, software, coaching, mentoring, support - or membership of an industry related organisation or group?
I know that on more than one occasion I have been swept along on a wave of optimism and have pressed the 'buy now' button without a second thought. It's so easy to do - maybe I've succumbed because colleagues are posting on social media about joining this or that amazing organisation; signing up for this fantastic course; taking classes with this wonderful coach; or how simply doing X, Y and Z has transformed their career.
Sometimes it's a persuasive sales pitch or an hefty discount 'upgrade to the latest version of 'A' and save $100 dollars ... offer ends on Friday' that convinces me that my life and career can be transformed. Why am I tempted to buy a new mic, or the upgrade to the latest version of my editing software rather than sticking with the tried and tested version that I already have - and which works perfectly well? Why on earth do I find myself being tempted into signing up for this, that and the next thing? Why and how is usually-cautious-me being so easily seduced?
UK Audiobooks - Competition, Cost & Quality?
According to US figures provided in 2016 by The Audio Publishers' Association over 55 million Americans listened to audiobooks and more than 35,000 audiobooks were published in the States - and those numbers continue to increase. Figures recently released for 2017 indicate that total net sales of audiobooks were worth $757 million US, a rise of 22.7% on the previous year - and I read another report estimating that $900 million US would be spent on audiobook downloads and CD purchases this year (2018). In the US at least it's a growing and profitable industry. Why are things in the UK so different?
Speaking at Frankfurt’s half-day Audiobook Conference, Michele Cobb, executive director of the Audio Publishers Association (APA), highlighted growth in audiobook output and sales in the US (46,000 titles published in 2017 with sales up 23%) and the UK (3,700 titles produced with sales up 16% in 2017). As a percentage of all sales, Cobb said audiobooks were averaging out at around 4% in the major markets, including Germany. In the UK, 36% of audiobook consumers were new to the market in 2017.
So - though we're lagging a long way behind - with just 3,700 UK productions as opposed to an amazing 46,000 in the US. But sales are increasing even in the UK and I can't help feeling that we should be feeling more of this audiobook related golden glow should surely be reflected on this side of the pond? UK sales are a long way off the figures in the US, but although there is certainly not anywhere like as much work available for narrators, many UK studios seem to keep pretty busy, but rates for narrators in the UK appear to be static - I am being offered exactly the same rate (or in some cases rather less) as I was being paid four years ago.
It seems to me, that the Audiobook industry in the UK has become obsessed by bringing down the costs - but at what cost to the listener?
I have recently returned from a wonderful few days in New York, where, for the second time, I attended The Audio Publishers' Association Conference.
APAC, hosted by The Audio Publishers' Association (The APA) and sponsored by Audiofile Magazine, is held at the same time as Book Expo America. APAC is totally centred around Audiobooks and there were over 500 attendees; narrators, tech folk, casting directors, producers and publishers - authors, audiobook reviewers, and listeners as well. There were workshops, panels, and break-out sessions on performance related issues, industry developments and business and marketing strategies - and lots and lots of opportunities to meet fellow professionals in informal settings - at a cafe on edge of the Hudson River, the roof garden of an Irish pub in Manhattan and various other bars, cafes and restaurants. venues - and at the AUDIES Gala, (the audiobook equivalent of the Oscar ceremony) and the now equally important NAUDIES (Not the Audies) where those not nominated, or not able to get a ticket for the gala, socialised and waited for the glittering nominees and their guests to arrive in their finery after the gala was over. For narrators there was also a worksop day of performance related coaching and advice hosted by Johhny Heller held the day before the main conference and a technical workshop examining the technical side of audiobook production hosted by Amanda Rose Smith.
The whole thing was loud, enthusiastic, invigorating, exciting, inspirational, surprisingly 'ego-free' - and utterly exhausting - and it was over all too quickly.
There were half a dozen other UK based British narrators who also made the journey - as there were last year and in previous years - and we were all genuinely and generously welcomed by everyone involved. Every one of us, no matter what our level of audiobook experience, felt that we belong to a community who values us and acknowledges us as colleagues and friends. It was an extraordinarily heartening experience that all of us will cherish.
So looking back with nostalgia at the amazing three days, at the various audiobook related workshops bracketing the main conference day, the numerous social events, the early mornings and late nights, I wonder whether that feeling of camaraderie was just an ephemeral thing that vanished into the clouds as everyone boarded their flight and returned to their padded cells? I don't think so. Despite the many miles that separates people in that vast country - and there were folk flying in from all corners of the US - I believe that the community spirit and contact continues once APAC is long over.
Perhaps I am looking through rose-coloured glasses, but I truly felt blessed to be there. I have never come across anything even remotely similar in the UK, though of course there are various organisations that host social events, webinars and workshops geared to the more general voiceover fraternity - Gravy for the Brain and The Voice Over Network for example. There are many voiceover performers belonging to these organisation who also read audiobooks and both VON and GFTB hold the occasional audiobook related event or workshop, but audiobooks are not why either of those organisation exist. There is no equivalent to The APA, no UK based professional organisation whose raison d’être is audiobooks.
I know the audiobook industry is significantly smaller over here than it is in the US - but if the articles in the US and UK press are to be believed, it is growing apace. It seems to me therefore that there is a real need for an UK based, professional audiobook-related organisation which welcomes audiobook producers, narrators, editors and engineers. The question as to whether that would be viable is already being asked - Neil Gardner of Ladbroke Audio posted an article on LinkedIn recently asking whether it was time for a Professional Organisation to represent those of use who earn our living from creating audiobooks.
I think the time is absolutely right.
We are constantly being told that Audiobooks are 'saving' the publishing industry, but few people within the industry are seeing any benefits of this alleged 'boom', in fact for most of us rates are falling. Our Union, Equity, though it has an audio committee, is unable to set audiobook rates, or even to suggest them, and in the competitive world in which we live, cost becomes an overarching consideration for audiobook publishers. We are all. whether producers, voice actors or technical folk therefore increasingly competing on cost rather than on the quality of the product we create and ultimately, surely that is something of an 'own goal' with disastrous results for the industry and the listener.
A UK based professional organisation might just be able to steer audiobook production out of the chasm it is in danger of falling into and give us all a sense of professionalism and unity such as appears to exist among our US colleagues who are fortunate in having the APA (and a strong Union) to support them.
Podcasts & Webinars
I have never been overly fond of listening to podcasts or tuning in to webinars; I so often find them frustrating and unsatisfactory and usually lose interest and drop out of the session. But why? My antipathy to podcasts and webinars puzzles me because as an avid 'talk radio' listener (BBC Radio 4) : people talking about what interests them, interviews and radio documentaries are what I listen to most. As far as TV is concerned, I watch far more factual programmes than anything else, so why do I frequently find podcasts and webinars, which are essentially an online version of what I enjoy so much on the radio and television, so singularly unsatisfactory?
Today it suddenly struck me ... a lightbulb moment!
One of the cardinal rules for journalists, interviewers and presenters - it is not about you; it's about your guests.
It is most definitely not the interviewer's role to judge, nor to give an opinion and definitely not to pop in their two penn'orth or their comments - or worse still, to chime in with the dreaded 'Oh yes, that happened to me! I remember when I did .... blah blah blah!' At this point, I (and probably everyone else listening or watching turns off ... literally as well as emotionally! Of course this is not solely the province of webinars and podcasts, it occasionally happens in broadcast interviews as well particularly when the person doing the interviewing is in the same line of work as those they are interviewing when it becomes almost a competition. I can think of several cringe making moments where an interviewer refuses to take the back seat and feels he or she has to 'top' whatever the guest says at every point in the discussion.
Listening to a discussion where the interviewer is following their own agenda is like having a health related discussion with a hypochondriac - every illness, every ache and pain you've experienced, they've had - not only more often, but more seriously!
Only at the end of a podcast lasting for over an hour, did I find out that those doing the interview were actually in the same business as those they were interviewing. Their names are Sean Daeley and Paul Stefano and their podcast series, about all things voiceover and audio related, a series which I thoroughly recommend, is called 'The VO Meter - Measuring your Voiceover Progress'
I actually narrate more than I listen ... I am very picky when it comes to listening and hypercritical - but when I love a narrator's voice and what he or she brings to a book - then I will look for other works they've read and the narrator often leads me to books that I would never have previously considered.
Anyway back to the article ... Theatre of the Mind! Wow.
Click on this link to read it
My opinions are mine and my views are my own!